Conditions and Diseases
Heart Valve Diseases
The heart’s valves can have one of two malfunctions - regurgitation (when the valve does not completely close) or stenosis (a narrowing of the valve). Listed below are conditions and diseases treated at the Heart Valve Program.
- Aortic stenosis- Severe aortic stenosis is a narrowing of the aortic valve which causes a decrease in blood flow. The heart must work harder to push blood through the aortic valve, weakening the heart's muscles and increasing the chances for heart failure. Patients are limited in their ability to do normal daily activities like walking or climbing stairs. Without treatment, studies show 50 percent of those with the condition will die within two years.
- Mitral Valve Prolapse- This detailed overview of mitral valve prolapse (MVP) covers causes, symptoms and diagnosis along with surgical treatments such as mitral valve repair.
- Rheumatic Heart Disease - Rheumatic heart disease is a condition in which permanent damage to heart valves is caused by rheumatic fever.